Iyobokamana

Ukuri utamenye kw’idini rya Gikirisitu, Edeni yari muri Africa n’abantu bakoze ibikorwa by’indashyikirwa benshi bari abirabura.

“Abatware bazava muri  Egiputa no muri Etiyopiya vuba aha hazihuta kuramburira Imana yabo amaboko” Zaburi 68:31″

Bibiliya ni igitabo cy’imico myinshi itandukanye. Aya magambo arashobora kumvikana nkimpaka ariko archeologiya, amateka, hamwe n’inyandiko byerekana ko ari ukuri. Muri 2013 aya makimbirane yagaragaye mu bitangazamakuru ubwo abarebaga miniseries ya Bibiliya bababajwe n’uko Samson ngo yakinnye n’umwirabura.

Impaka ya kabiri yabaye igihe umunyamakuru wa Fox News igitangazamakuru cyo muri leta zunze ubumwe za Amerika atangaje ko Santa Claus “Pere Noel” uzwi cyane mu muco w’abakristo baba mu bihugu by’Uburayi ngo wajyaga azanira abana bitwara neza impano mu ijoro rya Noheri na Yesu ngo bari abazungu, nyamara igihe abantu bakoze ubushakashatsi ku mashusho y’umwimerere ya Mutagatifu Nikolasi, basanze amashusho y’umugabo w’inzobe ujya gusa n’umwirabura uvanze ( Métis).

Bigaragara ko kwizera kwacu kwagoretswe bitewe n’inyungu z’ubukoroni ndetse n’ubucakara. Nk’abakirisito b’abirabura dukwiye gusoma ndetse no gusobanukirwa Bibiliya. Bibiliya umuntu ashobora kuyisobanura uko ashatse niyo mpamvu abaje kudukoroniza bayifashishije ndetse n’abashaka gukandamiza abagore bavugaga ko ari ibiremwa biciriritse bayifashisha. Isi yose cyane cyane muri leta z’unze ubumwe z’ Amerika abantu bahagurukiye kurwanya icyaha cy’ivanguramoko. Imwe mu ngaruka z’ivanguramoko ni uguhanagura amateka meza y’abirabura bagafatwa nk’abantu b’abanebwe, abakene, ndetse batagira n’ubwenge kandi ikibabaje nuko ibi byabaye bikagera no mu byigisho byacu bya Bibiliya, ni ubwo atari ukuri ariko hariho benshi babyizera gutyo.

Catacombs y’Abaroma ( imibiri y’abantu bashyinguwe mubutariyani mu kinyejana cya 2) yerekana amashusho ya Bibiliya y’abakristu batotezwaga bo mu kinyejana cya mbere n’icya kabiri, kandi amashusho yabo yerekana neza abantu birabura. Ni iki abakristu b’Abaroma bunguka mu gushushanya izo nyuguti umukara? Ni iki aba bakristo ba mbere bari bazi kandi bemera gisa naho kitemewe muri iki gihe?

Cotacombs
Cotacombs zo muri Roma z’abantu bashyinguwe mu kinyejana cya 2

Onleive Alston umunyamakuru wa Sojourners yatangiye gukora ubushakashatsi ku birabura bo muri Bibiliya nk’umuntu w’umwirabura ubona abakrisito bakiri bato bashonje kwizera gushingiye kubyo abayobozi babo bababwira gusa ntibite cyane ku mvano y’ibyo bizera. Mu gihe yigaga mw’ iseminari y’Ubumwe ya Oxford mu Bwongereza, umwarimu w’amateka y’Itorero yavuze kuri ba se ba mbere b’Itorero ry’Abirabura ndetse n’Itorero rya Copti (rimwe mu matorero ya kera ku isi). Aya makuru ngo yamuteye amatsiko yo kureba neza muri Bibiliya ndetse no kumenya amateka y’itorero. Bamwe barashobora kuvuga ko tudakeneye kwiga umwirabura muri Bibiliya kandi ibyo ntacyo bitwaye, ariko niba aribyo, kuki Yesu ashushanyijeho umusatsi wumuhondo n’amaso yubururu? Kuki amashusho yambere yabatagatifu birabura, n’ abantu bavugwa muri Bibiliya atabagaragaza uko bari? Abantu benshi bumva ko ntacyo bitwaye ariko bakirengagiza ko hari abantu basenga ayamashusho cyangwa bagatekereza ko kuba bafite aya mashusho y’abazungu munzu zabo bizabarinda amakuba n’imivumo y’ibisekuruza byabo.

Impamvu nyamukuru yo kumenya abirabura babayeho mu mateka ya bibiliya ni uko bizadufasha kwemera ko Bibiliya yacu ari igitabo cy’imico myinshi itandukanye. Ese twakwemera dute amatorero y’imico itandukanye kandi hari abantu batibona mu iyobokamana twigishwa? Biragoye kumenya uruhare abirabura bagize ku idini ya gikristo kuko utazasoma amagambo umwirabura cyangwa umunyafurika yavuze ariko uzasoma amagambo Abanyetiyopiya, Abakushite, Abanyamisiri, Abaheburayo, cyangwa andi magambo agaragaza imiryango y’abanyafurika. Etiyopiya ivugwa inshuro 45 muri Bibiliya; ongeraho inshuro Misiri ivugwa, Afrika ivugwa cyane kuruta ubundi butaka buri muri Bibiliya. Twabibutsa kandi ko “Uburasirazuba bwo Hagati,” harimo n’Ubutaka Bwera bwahujwe na Afurika kugeza mu 1859 igihe umuyoboro wa Suez urangira kandi woherejwe muri Afurika y’Iburasirazuba kubera amateka menshi ya none. Kuva mu Itangiriro kugeza mu Byahishuwe hari ibimenyetso byinshi byerekana ko abirabura bavugwa muri Bibiliya:

Mu giheburayo, Adam (cyangwa Ahdahm) asobanurwa nk’ubutaka bwijimye, bwije, ubutaka butukura-bwijimye, uruhu rwijimye nkigicucu. Aphar: Ubutaka Adham yakoreragamo, bisobanura: umukungugu, ibumba, cyangwa umukara wijimye cyane. Niko igitabo The Biblical History of Black Mankind (Amateka ya Bibiliya Yabantu Birabura) cyanditswe na C. McGhee Livers kivuga.

Ikindi gitabo cyanditswe na Gert Muller cyitwa ( Eden: The Biblical Garden Discovered in East Africa. (Ubusitani bwa Bibiliya bwavumbuwe muri Afurika y’Iburasirazuba). Ubusitani bwa Edeni bwasobanuwe mu Itangiriro ko bwari hafi y’inzuzi enye mu karere k’ibihugu bya Cush, Havilah, na Asshur, uyu munsi bikaba byari hafi y’umupaka wa Sudani y’iburasirazuba, Etiyopiya, na Eritereya. Amavuko y’ikiremwamuntu yemejwe igihe ibisigazwa by’abantu bya kera byabonetse muri Etiyopiya mu 1974. Amateka na Bibiliya usanga akenshi byemeranya ku byanditse muri bibiliya kuko  hari ibimenyetso byinshi byerekana ko abantu ba mbere babayeho baturutse muri Africa.

Benshi mu bisekuruza b’Abaheburayo barubatse cyangwa babyarana n’ abagore bo mu moko yo muri Afurika. Aburahamu yabyaranye na Hagari na Ketura bombi bakomoka mu moko yo muri Afurika (Hamitike). Mose yashakanye na Zippora, wari Umunyetiyopiyakazi. Yakobo yabyaye abana bafite abaja babiri bo mu miryango nyafurika, kandi abo bana babaye abakurambere b’imiryango ibiri ya Isiraheli.

Kwiga abirabura muri Bibiliya birashobora gukingura amarembo yo kuganira ku butabera bushingiye ku moko no gukuraho igitekerezo kivuga ko Bibiliya ari “igitabo cy’abazungu.” Uyu mugani cyangwa imyumvire nibyo byatumye abantu benshi b’abirabura batakariza ikizere ibintu by’iyobokamana bakumva ko ari ibintu byahimbwe kugira bibakandamize ariko mubyukuri sibyo. Abayigishije nibo bayigoretse uko bashaka bitewe n’inyungu bashakaga ariko ukuri kwa bibiliya ni kumwe kandi ntikuzahinduka ni uko ari ihuriro ry’abantu bose baremwe. Mu kweza Bibiliya, dufasha n’ibisekuruza bizaza kubona ubwiza bw’inyandiko ya Bibiliya. Abirabura bagomba kumenya ko buri gihe bagize uruhare runini muri gahunda y’Imana yo kunga abantu bakaba umwe baba bakoze icyo ijambo ryaziye gukora.

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